Percent moisture in grain  Harvest weight (lbs.) of ear corn to yield 56 shelled corn at 15.5% moisture^{1}  Shelled corn (lbs.) Equivalent to 56 lbs. shelled corn at 15.5% moisture 
10  63.49  52.56 
10.5  63.86  52.87 
11  64.25  53.16 
11.5  54.65  53.46 
12  65.06  53.77 
12.5  65.60  54.08 
13  65.95  54.39 
13.5  66.42  54.70 
14  66.89  55.02 
14.5  67.39  55.34 
15  67.89  55.67 
15.5  68.40  56.00 
16  68.94  56.33 
16.5  69.51  56.67 
17  70.09  57.01 
17.5  70.69  57.35 
18  71.31  57.70 
18.5  71.95  58.06 
19  72.60  58.41 
19.5  73.27  58.78  Percent moisture in grain  Harvest weight (lbs.) of ear corn to yield 56 shelled corn at 15.5% moisture^{1}  Shelled corn (lbs.) Equivalent to 56 lbs. shelled corn at 15.5% moisture 
20  73.96  59.15 
20.5  74.60  59.52 
21  75.36  59.89 
21.5  76.07  60.28 
22  76.79  60.66 
22.5  77.53  61.05 
23  78.25  61.45 
23.5  79.01  61.85 
24  79.76  62.26 
24.5  80.50  62.67 
25  81.25  63.09 
25.5  82.03  63.51 
26  82.82  63.94 
26.5  83.50  64.38 
27  84.19  64.82 
27.5  84.90  65.26 
28  85.62  65.72 
28.5  86.32  66.18 
29  87.04  66.64 
29.5  87.76  67.12  Percent moisture in grain  Harvest weight (lbs.) of ear corn to yield 56 shelled corn at 15.5% moisture^{1}  Shelled corn (lbs.) Equivalent to 56 lbs. shelled corn at 15.5% moisture 
30  88.50  67.60 
30.5  89.22  68.08 
31  89.94  68.57 
31.5  90.67  69.08 
32  91.43  69.58 
32.5  92.13  70.10 
33  92.85  70.62 
33.5  93.55  71.15 
34  94.28  71.69 
34.5  94.98  72.24 
35  95.71  72.80 
^{1}Ear corn values supplied by Dr. Marcus Zuber, University of Missouri Agronomy Department. Ear corn values apply with greatest accuracy at harvest because differences in cob and grain moisture will change in storage. Shelled corn figures apply at any time. 
Obtaining bushels of grain
Divide total grain weight by appropriate standard bushel weight.
Obtaining number of hundredweights (cwts.) of grain
Divide total grain weight by 100.
Table 4. Moisture conversion for soybeans.
Percent moisture in grain  Soybeans (lbs. equivalent to 60 lbs.of Soybeans at 13.0% Moisture 
10  58.00 
11  58.65 
12  59.32 
13  60.00 
14  60.70 
15  61.41 
16  62.14 
17  62.89 
18  63.66 
19  64.64 
20  65.25 
21  66.08 
22  66.92 
23  67.79 
24  68.68 
25  69.60 
26  70.54 
27  71.51 
28  72.50 
29  73.52 
30  74.57 
Table 5. Moisture conversion for wheat.
Percent moisture in grain  Wheat (lbs.) equivalent to 60 lbs. of wheat at 13.5% moisture 
10  57.67 
11  58.65 
12  59.32 
13  59.66 
13.5  60.00 
14  60.35 
15  61.06 
16  61.79 
17  62.53 
18  63.29 
19  64.07 
20  64.88 
21  65.70 
22  66.54 
23  67.40 
24  68.29 
25  69.20 
26  70.14 
27  71.10 
28  72.08 
29  73.10 
30  74.14 
Table 6. Moisture conversion for grain sorghum.
Percent moisture in grain  Grain sorghum (lbs.) equivalent to 56 lbs. of grain sorghum at 13% moisture 
10  54.13 
11  54.74 
12  55.36 
13  56.00 
14  56.65 
15  57.32 
16  58.00 
17  58.70 
18  59.41 
19  60.15 
20  60.90 
21  61.67 
22  62.46 
23  63.27 
24  64.11 
25  64.96 
26  65.83 
27  66.74 
28  67.67 
29  68.62 
30  69.60 
Calculating other conversion factors
These conversion tables cover the most widely grown crops and the most common moisture contents. When you need other conversions, the calculations are relatively simple.
Use percent dry matter in making conversions because the problem is to obtain the same weight of dry matter as is found in a standard bushel. For example, a standard bushel of wheat contains 60 pounds at 13.5 percent moisture. Thus, 86.5 percent dry matter (10013.5) x 60 lbs. = 51.9 lbs of dry matter.
Example. How many pounds of 20.5 percent moisture wheat is equivalent to a standard bushel?
13.5% Standard Moisture Content = 100  13.5 = 86.5% Dry Matter
20.5% Moisture Content = 100  20.5 = 79.5% Dry Matter
(108.8 x Standard Bu. Wt. (60 for Wheat)) ? 100 = 65.28 lbs. equivalent to a standard bushel
To check your answer:
65.28 x 79.5% dry matter = 51.9 lbs. of dry matter
Table 7. Common measures and approximate metric equivalents.
1 liquid teaspoon  = 5 milliliters (ml.) 
3 liquid teaspoons  = 1 liquid tablespoon = 15 ml. 
2 liquid tablespoons  = 1 liquid ounce = 30 ml. 
8 liquid ounces  = 1 liquid cup = 0.24 liter (l.) 
2 liquid cups  = 1 liquid pint = 0.47 l. 
2 liquid pints  = 1 liquid quart = 0.9463 l. 
4 liquid quarts  = 1 liquid gallon (U.S.) = 3.7854 l. 
Table 8. Conversion factors for metric and English units.
Length 
1 mile = 1.609 kilometers; 1 kilometer = 0.621 miles 
1 yard = 0.914 meters; 1 meter = 1.094 yards 
1 inch = 2.54 centimeters; 1 centimeter = 0.394 inches 
Area 
1 square mile = 2.59 square kilometers; 1 square kilometer = 0.386 square miles 
1 acre = 0.00405 square kilometers; 1 square kilometer = 247.1 acres 
1 acre = 0.405 hectares; 1 hectare = 2.471 acres 
Volume 
1 acreinch = 102.8 cubic meters; 1 cubic meter = 0.00973 acreinches 
1 quart = 0.946 liters; 1 liter = 1.057 quarts 
1 bushel = 0.352 hectoliters; 1 hectoliter = 2.838 bushels 
Weight 
1 pound = 0.454 kilograms; 1 kilogram = 2.205 pounds 
1 pound = 0.00454 quintals; 1 quintal = 220.5 pounds 
1 ton = 0.9072 metric tons; 1 metric ton = 1.102 tons 
Yield or rate 
1 pound/acre = 1.121 kilograms/hectare; 1 kilogram/hectare = 0.892 pounds/acre 
1 ton/acre = 2.242 tons/hectare; 1 ton/hectare = 0.446 tons/acre 
1 bushel/acre = 1.121 quintals/hectare; 1 quintal/hectare = 0.892 bushels/acre 
1 bushel/acre (60#) = 0.6726 quintals/hectare; 1 quintal/hectare = 1.487 bushels/acre (60#) 
1 bushel/acre (56#) = 0.6278 quintals/hectare; 1 quintal/hectare = 1.597 bushels/acre (56#) 
Temperature 
To convert Fahrenheit (F) to Celsius (C): 0.555 x (F  32); to convert Celsius to
Fahrenheit: 1.8 x (C + 32) 
Table 9. Mixing small quantities of liquid spray. The first column represents concentration of active ingredient per gallon; the second column provides corresponding amount to mix for 1,000 square feet to get 1 pound/acre of active ingredient.
Concentration of Active Ingredient per Gallon  Amount to Mix for 1000 sq. ft. to get 1lb./acre of Active Ingredient 
1 lb.  7 tablespoons or 103 ml. 
2 lbs.  3.5 tablespoons or 51.5 ml. 
3 lbs.  2.3 tablespoons or 34.3 ml. 
4 lbs  1.7 tablespoons or 25.8 ml. 
Checking planting rate or stand per acre
This table may be useful in checking actual planting rate when planting a crop. It can also be used in obtaining stand counts.
Determine average spacing in inches between seeds (or plants) in the row. Then divide the appropriate figure in the right hand column by this figure to determine planting rate (or stand).
Example. Grain sorghum planted in 30inch rows is found to average 2.5 inches between seeds.
209,088 ? 2.5 = 83,635 seeds being planted per acre.
Or the grain sorghum stand averages 1 plant per 3.5 inches of row. Then 209,088 ? 3.5 = 59,379 plants per acre.
You can use this method without the table as long as you remember that there are 43,560 square feet per acre and that 144 square inches = 1 square foot.
43,560 x 144 = 6,272,630 square inches per acre.
Divide 6,272,640 by inches of row width to obtain inches of row per acre (6,272,640 ? 30 = 209,088).
Row spacing (inches)  Inches of row per acre 
40  155,682 
38  165,069 
36  174,240 
30  209,088 
28  224,023 
24  261,360 
20  313,632 
18  348,480 
15  418,176 
14  448,046 
12  522,720 
10  627,264 
8  784,080 
7  896,091 
